South American Travel PERU

Tour Travel
Language:Spanish

Trujillo

Trujillo is the capital of the Department of La Libertad, "Capital of Eternal Spring" and is the third largest city of Peru, due to its great economic and cultural features the most productive valleys of the country, which has allowed developing economically. The agricultural industry is the most important part of the country, highlighting the production of sugar cane, asparagus, and the shoe factory. It is the largest producer of sugarcane and second in rice production in the country.

In his past still has important archaeological remains. Hosted two major cultures, the Mochica and Chimu, standing each on the finesse in their work in gold, silver and ceramics. Among the many testimonies we have of Chan Chan and Huaca de la Luna and Sol, located in the city of Trujillo, the cemeteries of the complex Cupisnique and the sorcerer in the province of Ascope, among other places of importance.

On December 6 of 1.534 was founded by the conquistador Diego de Almagro, on behalf of Governor Dan. Francisco Pizarro, thus becoming one of the major cities of the viceroyalty. Emperor Charles "V" was awarded the title of city by royal decree of November 23, 1.537, and December 7 of that year, gave him his coat of arms with the title "Noble" city of Trujillo. And in 1.678, the city of Trujillo was surrounded by a gigantic wall, by Viceroy Melchor de Navarro, to protect the city from pirates and privateers.

Spanish past are still preserved monasteries, houses and colonial and republican. Among its main attractions is the Citadel of Chan Chan, Trujillo's Plaza Mayor, the archaeological remains of the Temples of the sun and moon, and mansions, convents and colonial churches. Trujillo has the privilege of having wonderful beaches such as Las Delicias, Salaverry, Buenos Aires, and Huanchaco respectively, ideal for the practice of surfing.

Location

North Coast of Peru, 557 miles from Lima

Extension

It covers an area of 24.241 km2

Population

The population in the department of La Libertad is more than 1'200, 000.

Capital

Trujillo is the capital of the department of La Libertad.

Altitude

34 masl

Climate

Warm spring weather, with average annual temperature of 18.9 ° C

Access roads

Road:

There interprovincial transport services depart from the city of Lima to the city, through the Pan American Highway north, the trip takes approximately 8 hours.

Air:

Domestic flights Lima – Trujillo (45 minutes)

Airport

Carlos Martinez de Pinillos Airport, located in the district of Huanchaco. 10.5 km north of Trujillo.

Typical dishes and beverages

The city of Trujillo has a wide range of dishes. In this area of Peru, highlighted the different varieties of dishes made, mostly based on fish and seafood. Its main dishes are:

"Kid Dry beans.

"Pepian turkey

"Beans for Trujillo.

"Cesine.

"Cause in milk or panther lapa

"Ceviche.

"Fish in Trujillo.

If you visit the city, do not miss the inevitable chicha to accompany the dishes, or you can choose a good local beer very cold. Also do not forget to try the delicious mashed King Kong and quince.

Main tourist attractions and surroundings

Citadel of Chan Chan

A 5 km approx. northwest of the city of Trujillo in the Moche Valley (10 minutes by car approx.). This urban center is the largest prehispanic mud-brick city of pre–Columbian America. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. Chan Chan was the capital of the Chimu kingdom originally covered more than 20 km2 from near the port of Huanchaco to Cerro Campana. Archaeologists estimate that houses more than 100 000 people. In its structure spaces, houses, warehouses, workshops, streets, walls and pyramidal. Its massive walls are richly decorated with geometric figures, stylized animals and mythological beings. The tour of the archaeological site is complemented with a visit to the museum.

Square or square

Considered the largest in the country. At the center stands the monument of granite and marble in honor of the heroes of independence. On one side stands the Cathedral Basilica, the first built in 1666, until an earthquake destroyed it in 1759. It was rebuilt between 1768 and 1781. Has a valuable collection of paintings from the Cusco School.

Monastery of Carmen

Built in 1724. It is one of the beautiful architectural ensembles of the city and one of the richest in the north. It has about 150 paintings, mostly from the twelfth and thirteenth

Church of Santa Clara and San Agustin

Built in 1548 and 1558, respectively. They have finely carved wooden altars, paintings, and baroque architecture.

Church of the Company

Seventeenth century, was part of the convent of the Jesuits in their backyards beautiful arcades are appreciated.

Houses

Having been a city of great Spanish influence, kept in the houses of the early years of the republic colonial architectural features large patios, large rooms, sober façade, balconies and wrought iron windows as lace. Prominent among them Iturregui Palace, House Mayorazgo Urquiaga House, House and Casa Bracamonte Ganoza.

The museums include the Archaeological Museum at the University of Trujillo, the collection of Zoology and José Cassinelli.
Temples of the Sun, Moon, Dragon, Emerald, Toledo, Bishop, Concha y Caballo Muerto. All very close to the capital and serves to better understand what were the ancient cultures in Peru.
It is said that to build the Huaca del Sol is needed 250 000 men and 70 million bricks, finishing in only three days!

Huanchaco

Old Port of the colonial era. Crowded resort where there are still horses reed boats, the material used by the Mochica and Chimu to fish. Other beaches to visit include Las Delicias and Buenos Aires.
Haciendas Casagrande Chiclin Cartavio and were famous in their time of vast sugar production

Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna

8 km approx. south of the city of Trujillo (15 minutes by car approx.). The Huaca del Sol worked as the political center - the administrative and Huaca de la Luna, a ceremonial center. Between them lies the Urban Area consists of houses, avenues, alleys, passageways and plazas.

These components confirm the high political, religious, economic and social development of the Moche.

The Huaca de la Luna is composed of superimposed temples according to different stages of Moche power. Some walls you can see beautiful polychrome murals clearly defined whose figures represent the god Ai-Apaec. In the temple, archaeologists discovered a tomb with more than 40 soldiers killed. The sightseeing includes the time the Huaca de la Luna.

Huaca El Dragon or Rainbow

A 4 km approx. the city of Trujillo (10 minutes by car approx.).

This adobe pyramid is especially important because its construction had been made at the beginning of the Chimu culture and at the end of the Tiahuanaco-Wari between X-XI centuries AD It is estimated that its age is 1 100 years. The building has a square-shaped base and walls decorated in high relief with zoomorphic and anthropomorphic representations. Dragon's name is because of these figures, two-headed being with countless legs, similar to a dragon. Researchers believe that one function of this place was and would be linked to ceremonial rituals in honor of the rainbow and other natural phenomena related to fertility.

Huaca La Esmeralda

A 3 km approx. the city of Trujillo, in the cooperative production El Cortijo (8 minutes by car approx.). This archaeological site is associated with the Chimu culture was built and linked to Chan Chan. The building has a rectangular base (65 meters long and 41 meters wide) and two central platforms with ramps. The adobe walls are decorated with high relief with zoomorphic and geometric motifs.

Huanchaco

A 13 km approx. northwest of the city of Trujillo (15 minutes by car approx.). According to legend, 800 years ago the prince landed in Huanchaco Tacaynamo with his retinue and founded the first dynasty Chimu. Even sailing in its waters "horses of reeds" traditional boats used by fishermen on the north coast of Peru since pre-Columbian times. One of the favorite beaches on the coast of Peru for the lovers of surfing.

Other attractions of the department

Moche

Typical coastal town, living a quiet and beautiful countryside pleasant climate and abundant fruit., Typical seaside town, living a quiet and beautiful countryside, pleasant climate and abundant fruit.

Otuzco

2.632 meters above sea level city of great religious fervor and where is the most important religious festival in the north.

Coin

Typical Andean region along the river Chicama. Dry climate and invigorating hot springs and pre–Inca ruins unexplored.

Huamachuco

Colonial city over 3.310 meters above sea level, preserved Inca ruins in the Viracocha Pampa.

Santiago de Chuco

Located 148 kilometers from Trujillo and about 3.100 meters above sea level. Famous for its Festival of St. James the Greater and for being the birthplace of the poet Cesar Vallejo

Cachicadan

Picturesque location 183 kilometers from Trujillo, famous for its thermal waters, considered among the best quality of the country are rich in iron with temperatures exceeding 60 ° C.

Pacasmayo

Province retains remarkable ruins as Pacatnamú, Pitura, Tecapa, and Chérrepe Pacanga. and the house where Antonio Raimondi died wise.

Chicama

Port in the province of Pacasmayo. Its beaches are famous for attracting many surfers who come from all over the world in search of perfect waves, say the experts.

El Brujo Archaeological Complex

Located in the province of Ascope. Built during the Mochica. It stands on an area of 2 km2 and has a museum that lets you see the evolution from 5000 years BC to the colonial era.