Lima Peru's capital city and capital of the region of the same name. It is now a modern metropolis, with nearly 8 million inhabitants, a major South American cities, and is the largest city and is equipped with all the advances of modern life, with appropriate infrastructure tourism, ideal for carrying out events (conferences, conventions, meetings, etc.) of an international character.
It was founded on January 18, 1535, by the Spanish conquistador Don. Francisco Pizarro and was called "City of Kings," then being home to the governorship of New Castile, of which Pizarro was governor. For its colonial architecture in 1991, UNESCO declared "Cultural Patrimony of Humanity."
In the central western part of Peru, between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes.
34.802 km2. It extends from Callao, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean to the west, to Chosica for this, from Ancon, on the north to the south Lurin.
Population is 7.605.742 inhabitants.
The capital is Lima.
Its climate is temperate, the average annual temperature of 22 ° C.
The most popular way to travel in Peru is the land. From Lima there interprovincial transportation services across North and South Pan American Highway, the Central Highway and the route of penetration Pativilca - Huaraz, via paved roads.
Jorge Chavez International Airport (located in the province of Callao, 30 minutes from Lima) is the main gateway to Peru. From here you can find flights to various destinations and cities, except for Huancayo and Ica. All international flights arrive and depart from this airport.
Jorge Chavez International Airport.
The national currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S /.), Or new sun, divided into 100 cents. Tickets are issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50 and 100 soles. The coins are 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1, 2 and 5 soles. Beware of confusing the sun with 1 coin currency and worthless older than 1 Inti. The coins of 2 and 5 soles can lead to error.
Typical Dishes and beverages
Among the main dishes from Lima are:
Carapulcra, Cau cau, Anticuchos ox heart, Cause Lima, Lomo saltado, aji de gallina, Ceviche, Marinated, Tacu tacu, Arroz con pollo, rice with duck, Rice co shell, stuffed potato, grilled chickens.
To drink it is recommended heladita refreshing chicha morada, plus do not miss our famous Pisco Sour. Sweets and desserts such as Mazamorra Residence and Rice Pudding, sigh to Lima, Doña Pepa nougat and cheeky.
Main tourist attractions and surroundings
Cathedral of Lima
Located in the Plaza Mayor and construction began on the day of the founding of the city, January 18, 1535. Originally, it was a modest temple, but in 1564 the mason Jerónimo de Loayza, designed a large temple, like the Cathedral of Seville.
In its interior the choir stalls, the chapel of the Immaculate Churrigueresque and Ivory Christ donated by Charles V, king of Spain. They are also the remains of Francisco Pizarro.
It is the oldest monastery and its architecture is one of the most harmonious places in the city. It consists of a series of cloisters and courtyards around which are distributed service areas and community rooms. To the right of the altar are the remains of Santa Rosa de Lima, San Martin de Porres and Blessed John Masias.
Thanks to its magnificent unit volume and color, this architectural complex is considered the most accomplished monumental environment of Latin America. Its construction began in 1542 and ended in 1674.
The monastery, cloisters and the goal, are decorated with tiles from Seville, and below them, there are underground galleries or catacombs which, in the colonial era, served as a cemetery.
It was built on the shrine's chief Taulichusco, lead author of the Rimac Valley. The house belonged to Jerónimo de Aliaga, who received the land of Francisco Pizarro. At present, a unique case in Peru and perhaps in America, the site is inhabited by descendants of the conqueror
Casona of Pilate
One of the oldest in Lima. It was built in 1590 by the Jesuit Luis Portillo. Its name comes from the similarity of this plot with a building called House of Pilate in Seville, Spain.
It is one of the first houses of Lima showing the French influence of the mid-eighteenth century. Today, it retains its traditional composition. Highlights balconies and doors, which are characteristic of his age and origin.
Torre Tagle Palace
The most beautiful mansion in Lima in the early eighteenth century. A true masterpiece of architecture for their sheer originality Lima, which shows contributions Andalusian Moors, natives and Asians, they fit harmoniously.
The palace, now headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has a stone portico and two carved balconies, which are true jewels of the City of Kings.
Located in the Plaza de Armas, has elegant rooms, as well as valuable paintings. It is also known under the name House of Pizarro because it stands in the place chosen by the conqueror, to build the headquarters of his administration.
Place paint shop, jacaranda and creolized to the core. Heart of the city began to beat on the day of its foundation. Stresses the bronze fountain topped by a statue of the Angel of Fame, which carries a bugle in his left hand and, on the right, a flag bearing the arms of the city and the King.
Office of the holy court
Established in 1569 to punish heresy and other crimes against the faith. It was abolished in 1820. Outside the building you can see an imposing neo-classical portico at the main hall, a beautiful carved wooden ceiling, the best preserved in Lima.
Plaza San Martin
Also known as the City of the royal treasury because it was the tax collection center for the colony, there stand the main square and church of Santo Domingo Renaissance (XVI century) and Assumption (siglo XVII). On the outskirts is the shrine of the Inca Uyo featuring stone sculptures in the shape of a phallus, what is said in this place was worshiped fertility.
Its history dates back to 1870 when it demolished the walls surrounding the colonial town of Lima and 20.000 meters were used for the construction of a square. Only in 1921 provided for the paving of the place and the German colony, the centenary of the independence of Peru, ordered to build a clock tower 30 meters high, at 12 days playing the National Anthem.
Metropolitan Ecological Park, located in the district of Chorrillos, 30 minutes from downtown. Swamps or wetlands are more than 2,000 hectares and constitute an area of refuge and rest for the birds in their natural process of migration.