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Arequipa

Arequipa, known as White City because most of the buildings is based on white ashlar volcanic City, founded in 1540, to say the chronicler Cieza de Leon, was "the healthiest and nicest of all villas Peru."

Arequipa is a province rich in culture and geography. It is located in the south east of Peru, and has varied climates, because the territory has a coastline and mountains.

The city is surrounded by three volcanoes: El Misti (5822 meters). Chachani (m.s.n.m. 6075). Pichu Pichu (5664 m.s.n.m.).

After Lima, is considered the most important city of Peru.

Location

In the southern highlands of Peru, 1 009 km from Lima.

Extension

It covers an area 63 345 km2 square kilometers.

Population

The population in Arequipa City is 836.859 inhabitants

Capital

The capital is the city of Arequipa.

Altitude

Capital: 2335  masl (Arequipa)

Low: 9 masl (Punta de Bombon)

Maximum: 4 910 masl  (Mirador de los Volcanoes - Caylloma)

Climate

The city of Arequipa and semi-arid climate is temperate, with an average maximum temperature of 21.7 ° C (71.0 º F) and a minimum of 6.9 ° C (44.4 º F). The rainy season starts in January and ends in March.

Access roads

By land: Lima - Arequipa (1003 km.) Lasting 14 hours approx. car
Air: Daily flights from the cities of Lima (50 min. Approx.) And Cusco (30 min. Approx.).

Ferrea: There is train service connecting the cities of Arequipa Mollendo, Juliaca, Puno.

Airport

Rodriguez Ballon Airport.

Typical dishes and beverages

The city of Arequipa has an exquisite and varied cuisine.
Among the main dishes are: Ocopa Arequipa, Chaque, Rocoto stuffing, ribs and fried white broth, hot pepper soufflé etc.

Main Tourist attractions and surroundings

Square of the city of Arequipa

Surrounded by the Cathedral and various portals, Plaza de Armas has a beautiful bronze fountain of three plates topped with the figure of a soldier of the sixteenth century. A character that is called the "Tuturutu", which the story was in charge of warning of any new event. Around the square you can see three portals made of granite and brick vaults and lime: the Portal del Cabildo (Portal of the Municipality), the Portal de las Delicias (Portal de San Agustin) and Joy Portal (Portal Flores).

Cathedral city of Arequipa

It is considered one of the early seventeenth century religious monuments in the city. It was built in ashlars (volcanic stone), with vaulted brick was destroyed by fire in 1844 and rebuilt in 1868 by architect Lucas Poblete Arequipa. Is neoclassical and income to the temple is located in the aisles. It was hard hit by the earthquake of 2001, which seriously affected its towers.

Church and complex company

This set is composed of several buildings erected by the Jesuits, both for religious as for housing, and is a representative monument of religious architecture of the XVII century (1660). In the midst of all stands the temple. The Church of the Company was designed in 1573 by Gaspar Baez and destroyed by an earthquake in 1584. The current structure dates from 1650. It has about 66 paintings from the Cusco school of artists such as Bernardo Bitti and Diego de la Puente.

Complex church of San Francisco

The complex includes the Franciscan church, convent and a smaller temple known as the Third Order in the church stand on baroque pulpit decorated with relief shortened and the front silver altar. Also, has joined the group a short passage called the Manguillo San Francisco, which separated church from what was the first College students and then the women's prison, has now been converted into a shopping center and is known handicraft as "Fundo El Fierro".

Santa Catalina Monastery

Built to house the daughters of the most distinguished families in the city with a religious vocation, the monastery was inaugurated on October 2, 1580, under the patronage of Saint Catherine of Siena as a center of absolute closure, and remained so until on August 15, 1970. It occupies an area of ​​approximately 20 thousand square meters and its distribution is similar to that of the first neighborhoods of Arequipa. Very different architectural features rooms. One of the rooms has been converted into a gallery to exhibit paintings of the Cusco School, Quito and influence Arequipa. It also has other rooms or areas to visit as the Cloister of the Goal, Pre-Columbian Museum, the Cloisters of San Francisco, and so on.

Church and convent of Santo Domingo

Architecturally, characterize this church bell tower, with its atrium and impeccable cornered pedestal beneath the choir arch. Inside you can see pieces of statues and paintings with sacred motifs. Similarly, its front side is known for being the oldest of Arequipa. The cloister of the monastery was built around 1734.

Casa del Moral

Eighteenth century mansion, is one of the oldest architectural monuments and important Baroque Arequipa. The house is named after an ancient mulberry tree that grows in the main courtyard. It has furniture from the colonial and republican. The front in ashlar is a work of art in which carefully carved figures are seen. For example, a crown on a shield is supported by two angels, in turn, the shield consists of a castle, a bird, a puma and two crossed keys. It also features a lounge with maps "ancient" American sixteenth century.

Barrio de San Lázaro

This neighborhood of narrow streets, narrow passages, small squares and large houses is the most representative area of ​​the old Arequipa. In this place were established Dominican priests in 1538, building a chapel for the evangelization of the natives of that place and prepare the ground for founding a new Spanish city. There is a small bridge between the now Church of St. Lazarus and square with the rest of the neighborhood.

La Merced church

Its construction began in 1551 and was completed in 1607. It has an attractive side entrance which highlights the image of Our Lady of Mercy Mercy accompanied by two saints. Inside it contains important works of art as the "Apparition of the Virgin to San Pedro Nolasco" in the sacristy, and a series of pictures relating to the Virgen de la Merced, in the chapter. Both the church and the convent, the second built in the city have been built using ashlar Arequipa. The faculty maintains a library dating from the colonial era.

Tristan the well house

Traditional colonial-style house whose facade exhibits carved baroque style, as well as having broad and distinctive courtyards. It was built in 1738 for General Domingo Tristán del Pozo. Bank is currently owned by Continental.

Archaeological museum of the University of San Agustin

It displays a varied collection that includes stone objects, skeletal remains of human sacrifices, ceramics from the Nasca, Tiahuanaco, Huari and Inca, and gold and silver from the Inca and colonial times.

Andean Sanctuaries museum University of  Mary Catholic

Displays the Lady of Ampato, Inca mummy of a 12 or 14 years old, found in the volcano's summit by the climber Ampato Miguel Zarate, Jose Chavez archaeologist and anthropologist Johan Reinhard, 8 September 1995. According to experts, it is likely that the girl whose remains were found frozen died from a blow to the head with a baton granite five points. Apparently it would have been an offering to the Apu Ampato and its antiquity dates back some 500 years.

Yanahuara

A 2 km from the city of Arequipa (8 minutes by car).
It was built in the nineteenth century and consists of a series of arches of chairs which have recorded the words of famous Arequipa. The place has a privileged view of the city and the Misti volcano.

Misti volcano

El Misti, with its 5825 meters, is the tutelary image of the city. From the height of its summit is possible to see the city of Arequipa, the Chili River valley and the Chachani and Pichu Pichu.